Atlantic Partners

Site List

Newfoundland SmartAtlantic Buoys

Setting: Coastal Newfoundland

Studies: sea state, meteorological conditions, shipping monitoring

Marine Institute Holyrood

Setting: Holyrood, Conception Bay

Studies: sea state, meteorological conditions, shipping monitoring

Bay of Fundy

Depth: 0-60 m
Setting: Bay of Fundy
Studies: Currently tidal conditions, weather. Future will include currents, hydrophones, scanning sonars and others

Site Fly-through:


The Fundy Standard from FORCE on Vimeo.



Located in the Bay of Fundy Nova Scotia, the Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE) is Canada’s leading centre for in-stream tidal energy technology research and development, focused on devices designed to convert tidal kinetic energy to electrical energy.

FORCE collaborates with industry, government, and researchers to study the interaction between tidal turbines and the Bay of Fundy environment, providing research, environmental monitoring, and the electrical infrastructure for commercial development.

FORCE provides a shared observation facility, submarine cables, grid connection, and environmental monitoring at its pre-approved test site.

Included in the operational governance guidelines of the FORCE institute are the following objectives:

  • To undertake on-going environmental monitoring as required to meet the terms and conditions of the facility lease
  • To enable the acquisition of information and knowledge necessary to assess the applications of tidal energy devices including the performance of tidal energy devices, their effect on the environment and the effect of the environment on the devices
Bay of Fundy at Low Tide
Low Tide
Bay of Fundy  High Tide
High Tide

Bay of Fundy

On a flood tide, 160 billion tonnes of seawater flows into the Bay of Fundy — more than four times the estimated combined flow of all the world’s freshwater rivers during the same 6-hour interval.

The vertical tidal range can be over 16 metres — giving the Bay of Fundy the highest tides in the world.  The horizontal range can be as much as 5 kilometres, exposing vast areas of ocean floor.

The tidal currents in the Bay of Fundy are fast, reaching 10 knots (5.1 m/s) at peak surface speed.

Research from California-based Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) identifies the Bay of Fundy as potentially the best site in North America for tidal power generation, with a world-class resource close to an existing electricity grid.

In the Minas Passage alone, EPRI estimated a nearly 300 megawatt potential (equal to enough power for about 100,000 homes).

More recent research suggests there is more than 7,000 megawatts of potential in the Minas Passage, 2,500 megawatts of which can be extracted without significant effects. Models indicate upwards of 50,000 megawatts of energy exists in the entire Bay of Fundy.

The Guinness Book of World Records states the world’s highest average tides are in the Bay of Fundy, where the mean spring range in the Minas Basin is 14.5 metres (47.6 feet). The highest tide on record in the Bay was 21.6 metres (70.9 feet) in 1869.

Atlantic Partners Map

The Atlantic data sources currently include:

  • an observatory owned and operated by the Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE) in the Bay of Fundy - Minas Passage.

Ocean Networks Canada has further expanded its footprint across Canada with the launch of a new collaboration with the Fundy Ocean Research Centre for Energy (FORCE).

ONC is proud to be assisting FORCE as they develop their environmental monitoring systems by integrating Oceans 2.0, a sophisticated data acquisition, archiving and visualization system developed for ONC’s own observatories, for the long-term scientific monitoring of Canada’s oceans.

This is the first observatory infrastructure on Canada’s Atlantic coast to be hosted on the Oceans 2.0 platform.